Raw Sienna, Burnt Sienna, Winsor Blue (green shade), French Ultramarine and Permanent Rose
- Decide on the format of your painting. Will it be landscape or portrait?
- The dividing line between sky and sea should never be in the centre of the paper. Make one picture a high horizon and the other a low horizon. Make a mark lightly in pencil then, using a ruler, draw a horizon line one third of the way across from the right hand side to represent where the sky meets the sea.
- With a pencil, lightly draw the cliffs and the line where the sea meets the shore. Using masking tape (TIP: take some of the sticky off on your clothes or fingers first so it does not tear the paper when you pull it off) tape a short piece just under the skyline (over the sea area) to make sure the horizon is a straight line when you come to paint it.
- Fill 3 palette wells with water. Into the first mix Raw Sienna in a light tone. Into the second well add a small amount of Winsor Blue (green shade) making a cool-blue, this should be slightly darker in tone than the Raw Sienna mix. In the third well mix a warm-blue by mixing Winsor Blue (green shade) with a little Permanent Rose to warm it to a sunny sky-blue in a slightly darker tone than the previous two washes.
- Now turn the paper upside down and placing it at an angle use the Raw Sienna mix to paint a graded wash starting with the high horizon picture. Begin the wash at the horizon, adding clean water until you reach the bottom of the paper (the top of the sky, in fact). Immediately turn the paper the right way up and place it flat on the table. Now with your head on one side watch the sheen of the paper. As soon as you can see the texture of the paper begin to show through the water on the surface it is time to continue painting the sky. Using the warm-blue mix at the top and the cool-blue mix towards the middle, paint the sky. Leave gaps for clouds, if you wish. Allow the blues to mingle slightly with the Raw Sienna wash at the horizon but not too much or they will make green. Carefully remove the masking tape and allow the sky to dry thoroughly.
- Paint the low horizon sky in exactly the same way as before but this time more clouds can be painted around or lifted out when wet (either with a thirsty brush or with a piece of clean tissue paper). Carefully remove the masking tape and allow to dry thoroughly.
- Fill 2 more palette wells with water. Mix Burnt Sienna with some French Ultramarine in one (making a cool brown) and some Winsor Blue (green shade) with some Burnt Sienna (making a neutral green) in the other. Working on both paintings now and with the paper flat on the table, wet the cliffs with the Raw Sienna mix left from the sky wash and drop in the brown and green colours randomly allowing the colours to mingle slightly. Make sure that the tone is darker towards the left of the paper (the foreground) and lighter towards the right (the horizon). This will give the impression of distance in the paintings. Immediately use more of the Raw Sienna mix to paint the beach from the horizon to the foreground painting up to but not touching the line where the sea meets the beach. Paint both pictures in this way. Allow to dry thoroughly.
- Using a pencil lightly draw in the separate cliff edges and rub out the pencil line where the sea meets the beach.
- Using the colours mixed for the cliffs paint each cliff separately starting with the green at the top and coming down with the brown randomly in zigzags to represent the texture of the rocks and to make one cliff stand away from its neighboring cliffs. Allow to dry thoroughly.
- Using the sky colours paint the sea leaving a gap for the white surf at the waters edge. If your brush runs out of paint whilst painting the sea use it to lightly skim the surface of the paper leaving white highlights which will represent the ripples on the water’s surface. Immediately paint some of the Raw Sienna mix into the sea area in the foreground giving the impression of the beach seen though the shallow water in this area.
- Tear scrap paper to cover and protect the sky, sea and cliffs. Using the Raw Sienna mix paint the beach area once more then immediately, using the colours in the cliffs, load your brush and lightly tap it against your finger or another brush handle starting in the foreground and gradually, with less paint in the brush, move up the page towards the horizon. This spattering effect will create random soft edged marks on the beach. Keep this splattering mainly in the foreground so the tone of the beach gradually lightens towards the horizon. Allow to dry thoroughly.
- With the scraps of paper still in place repeat the splattering effect but this time, as the paper is dry, they will make hard edged marks to represent the pebbles on the beach. Keep these marks in the foreground and it will add to the illusion of distance in the painting.
- Stand back and assess the paintings. Decide whether they are finished or what alterations need to be made, if any.